NAME:                 Grant Leslie JACQUIER

These first chapters of this reminisce, give a chance to experiment with showing geological facts. To make a match with the needs of your clients, there are such tables as a matrix of technique against structure from the Site Investigation Code.

·         Key Competencies

·         Field Skills

·         Software and Programming

·         Computer Equipment


In summary my specialty is geotechnical data management and 3D modelling in mining, groundwater, oil and gas. However, with the work on the different terranes of Table 1, found repetition on the three objectives of:

·       Computers in Geology newsletter & web site (from 1992). I began working with the CSIRO as a student on the prototype Mutooroo solution mine, and encountered careful measurement and data sharing across disciplines. Interested by this, I later published articles about computing from a field geologist’s perspective, encouraging measurement and cross-discipline data integration. See the “integrated mining studies” section of Experience below.

·       Geophysical log and tape management (from 1984). Work with Century Geophysical showed me the value of an earth model based on geophysical borehole logs. At Santos Limited, I integrated geophysical, laboratory and rig side observations into a database with exports to all computer software. I then showed how to use the chemistry, quality, and geophysics models on the amalgamated data. See the “down hole geophysical log library” section of Experience below.

·       field oriented hydro/structural/environmental data collection (from 1986). I developed computer systems to monitor groundwater and slope stability for the Electricity Trust of South Australia. I self-funded and developed a prototype, FELDBUCH, and published the ELASTIC data model. At the University of Melbourne, I expanded into Landcare issues by using satellite imagery. See the “field data collection systems” section of Experience below.


Table 1 - geological model versus tectonic setting annotated with erathem

ocean island



island arc



back arc basin




mid-oceanic ridge





Cordilleran-type mountain belt






intra-cratonic basin







hinge zone








continental rift









intra-cratonic fold belt





















passive continental margin












geological model used (commodity)













·  Estuarine coal swamp (steaming coal)













·  Temperate swamp (steaming coal)













·  oxidation front uranium













·  Stratiform uranium













·  Fast erosion, colluvium/alluvium (dam)













·  Hydrothermal vein (Cu, Au)













·  Rift volcanic exhalations (Pb, Zn, Cu)













·  Barrier island heavy sands (Ti)













·  Stratiform Ni deposits (Ni, Au)













·  Sabkha evaporates (hydrocarbons, trona)













·  Shallow marine hydrocarbons













·  Sediment wedge hydrocarbons













·  Fossil tropical soil (kaolin)













·  Explosive acid volcanism (archaeology, civil safety, pozzolana)













·  Peat marsh hydrocarbons













·  Rift margin bauxite (Au)













Key to geological erathem, age range for rock

C: Cenozoic, 65 million years ago(Ma) to present; M: Mesozoic, 248 to 65.5 Ma; P: Paleozoic, 570 to 248 Ma; E: Proterozoic 1400 to 570 Ma; A: Archaean greater than 1400Ma.



I have had internal training in the Five Star safety system and a certificate for ISO9000 auditing. In 2005 I received the Site safety and health representative course (S1) certificate which is based on the mining act revised after the Moura disaster. In my consulting to exploration groups I used the precision required for my previous engineering geology work into the petroleum exploration sector and I was well-rewarded because I took the triple line perspective in everything I did.

·         4WD driving course, Motor School, Mt Samson, Queensland (24 May 2005).

·         Air conditioner assembly and maintenance, RapidAir, Regency Park, South Australia (January 1984).

·         Current techniques in physical and chemical hydrogeology: A focus on contamination in the shallow environment, short course at the 11th Australian Geological Convention (1992).

·         Drilling Muds, half-day course Baroid Australia, Adelaide (1986).

·         First aid; Level 2: workplace first aid certificate (1996, July 2001).

·         Risk management/auditor course, NSCSA Five Star, Leigh Creek Coalfield (1991).

·         Geostatistics - Theory and Practice, Department of Civil and Mining Engineering, The University of Wollongong, Adelaide (1987).

·         “How to handle difficult people”, S. A. Employers’ Chamber of Commerce & Industry (22nd August 1994).

·         Mine induction, open cut: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990), Leigh Creek Coalfield (1984,1988,1991), Lochiel Trial Pit (coal, 1986),  Nabarlek (U/Rn, 1983), Ok Tedi (Cu, 1985).

·         Mine induction, underground: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990).

·         Mine worker’s health certificate, class A mine annotation, Western Australia (1990-1991)

·         Motor boat licence, Department of Transport, South Australia (current).

·         National (Australia) Heavy Vehicle Drivers Licence with motorbike endorsement. (current).

·         Quality Management Auditing, MGS Debenham & Associates, Adelaide, (11th-13th October 1995).

·         Radiation licence, geophysical logging AmBe/Cs, South Australian Department of Health, (1983-1985).

·         “Running a Consultancy” Advanced Leadership & Professional Skills module, The Uni. of Melb., (2001).

·         Scuba diver, NQS/CMAS 2-star, Adelaide Skin Diving Centre (May 1985).

·         A short course on the design and formation of slopes in open pit mines, Dames & Moore, (1990).

·         Site safety and health representative course (S1), Simtars, Wacol, Qld (26 May 2005).

There is a more regularly updated list of training recommendations on the Geoscience Gateway at:


I have been familiar with these software and programming languages while using it in various types of investigations of Table 2.

  • Micrografix ABC Flowcharter
  • AGSO ResFacs, StratDat, OrgChem
  • Beicip-Franlab Matoil
  • Bentley Microstation
  • Borland C++
  • Borland dBase III & IV
  • C, csh, tcsh
  • Corel Paradox
  • Corel Word Perfect
  • Earth Resources/Pitney Bowes ER Mapper
  • ECS Mapping
  • Encom GPinfo
  • ERDAS Imagine
  • ESRI ArcView
  • FORTRAN 77
  • GRANEDA Showcase
  • Golden Software Surfer
  • Golden Software MapViewer
  • Hummingbird Exceed
  • ISI ResearchSoft EndNote
  • InDepth Synthetic
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Assembler
  • Microsoft & CP/M Basic
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office
  • Microsoft Power Point
  • Microsoft Project
  • PCI Geomatics FreeView
  • Petrosys dbMap
  • Petrosys Spreadsheet
  • Paradigm Geolog
  • Perl
  • Softcode Tracker
  • StrataData Stratabugs
  • Dames & Moore Target
  • TCL & TK
  • TNT Mips
  • University of Adelaide OSTRAC
  • Visual Basic
  • W3.CSS
  • W3 JavaScript

·          XML, XSL(T), CSS



I have experience in software equivalent to Geosoft, Micromine, and Geobank. Sometime ag I made a comparison table based on the laws of geology so I could track the features of a group and make intelligent recommendations to clients. To encourage software developers not to give up, thinking everything has been done, I keep the facility tab at:


Even though the types of the software stay the same, the names have changed over time, so I keep a revised (and reduced) list of what I have used at with links to current support pages.


Table 2 innovation record for Grant Jacquier against AS 1726-1981, SAA Site Investigation Code

Common type of structure (from AS 1726-1981, SAA Site Investigation Code)


(a) Shallow-raft footings

(b) deep-piles, cylinders, caissons, piers, etc





EXCAVATIONS (strutted and free standing)




NATURAL SLOPES (and established dams or embankments)





DAMS – earth and rock fill, new construction








































Technology 1

































light pen






















digitizing tablet and pen











displacement (extensometer, piezometer, impellor flow meter, shear/stress test)











electrical geophysical methods (focussed resistivity, resistance, self-potential)











inclinometer (accelerometer, magnetic, flux gate meters)











magnetic ink recognition






















radiometry (natural-gamma, gamma-gamma, neutron-neutron, visible light, infra-red)











optical character recognition











optical scanning











penetrometer (calliper, California bearing test, standard penetration test)











sonic methods (pressure wave, shear wave, Stonely’s wave)











voice recognition











PROCESSING (software used listed in ‘Computer Skills’)











computer-aided drafting (CAD)











data processing (programming languages also listed in ‘Computer Skills’)











finite difference analysis











finite element analysis











geographical information systems (GIS)











image processing











office productivity software











project management











database management systems (structured query language SQL, relational, ISAM)

































serial printers (dot-matrix, daisy wheel, ink-jet, impact)











line printers (band and chain, matrix)











page printers (laser, electro-photographic)











plotters (drum, flatbed, electrostatic)











workstation monitor











voice response units






















primary storage (random access memory, RAM)











Optical laser disks (CD-ROM, laser disks)











magnetic disk drives (micro-disk, diskettes, disk pack, RAID disk)











Magnetic tape (reel, cassette, cartridge)






















asynchronous serial (RS232)











Omega very low frequency system











satellite telephony











conventional telephony (facsimile, dial-up modem, answering service)











wireless application protocol (infra-red, XHTML-Mobile Protocol)











wide area networks (ftp, http, rsh)











local area networks (Ethernet, rsync, Common Object Request Broker Application)











radio telemetry unit/ system control and data acquisition











1 After LONG, L. 1988 Introduction to computers & information processing, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Long (1988) Long (1988) (Long 1988)  Long (1988)




Though I have been employed by several companies, my work has revolved around three major themes which can be tied with the work histories in this manner:

down hole geophysical log library

I have worked on integrated geophysical log library, tapes catalogue and loading utilities in 1984-1985, 1993-1999, and 2002-2004. With Century Geophysical I was involved in engineering investigations in three countries including the Jabiru Oil Field Offshore Storage Facility (Timor Sea), OK Tedi tailings dam (Papua New Guinea), the Sweetwater Mercury Outboard plant (Oklahoma), the Leigh Creek Coalfield (South Australia), the Lochiel Trial Pit (South Australia) and the Oaklands Joint Venture (New South Wales). This work showed me the potential for geophysical borehole logs to be used to generate a model of the earth that could be used by all disciplines. The work at Santos Limited, integrated data from geophysical, laboratory and rig side observations into an earth-model database with export utilities to all computer software used on site. This was supported with tip sheets on how to use the software to model geological properties from the amalgamated data. Models included oil maturation, reservoir quality, and seismic velocity. I refurbished this system in 2002-2004 to take advantage of improved software.

Apart from the Lochiel Trial Pit and Mariners south of Kambalda, I also was involved in green field studies by way of being a sonic tool specialist with Century Geophysical and I was part of the geotechnical teams for the Tapko dam-site investigation, Ok Tedi; the Oaklands Joint Venture, NSW (like Lochiel the power station has never been built); and the Jabiru oil-field in the Java Sea. I also provided the 3D database for the coal-seam gas drilling supporting the Gladstone LNG project.

field data collection systems

I have worked on hydrological, structural, and environmental field data collection systems in the periods: 1986-1988, 1991, 1996, and 2000-2002. Inspired by the truck-mounted systems at Century Geophysical I developed from scratch, computer systems and procedures to monitor groundwater and ground movement measurements for the Electricity Trust of South Australia. This included integrated data logger software, time series plots and exports to Vulcan software. I self -funded my research into field data collection and published the ELASTIC data model. The research at the University of Melbourne gave me an opportunity to examine this problem from the Landcare perspective and include remote sensing.

At the Lochiel Trial Pit I wrote the data collection, calibration and processing system in Lotus 123. The intensity of the investigation and the quality of the instrumentation and reporting received the South Australian Engineering Award 1988; Institution of Engineers. I later implemented this system at the Leigh Creek Coalfield. Unfortunately, at Lanfranchi, there was an accident and I undertook the investigation and geotechnical report. This report was required at a court case in 1996, but stood on its own, and I thankfully did not have to give expert testimony.

integrated mining studies

My degree in Applied Geology was under the supervision of the engineering geologist David Stapledon (he received the 1996 John Jaeger Medal from the Australian Geomechanics Society) and he featured much of his work in our training. When working as the geotechnical geologist for Kambalda Nickel Operation I used the CSIRO SARAT toolkit to do similar analysis for surface and underground rock-bolting designs as DIPS and UNWEDGE. I have provided data for Vulcan, and ECS, the predecessor, and also a lot of other groundwater and engineering software.

Surface inspection, flood control and stability monitoring

My time at the Lochiel Trial Pit, Leigh Creek Coalfield, Mutooroo and Kambalda mines included inspection of bunds and recommendations for surface and flood drainage around pits as well as monitoring groundwater pumps and the disposal of acidic mine water. This included the drilling, installation, calibration of pumping wells, piezometers, extensometers and stress cells. I have worked underground at Lanfranchi, Long and Otter mines in Western Australia with stress measurements, face and structural mapping. At the Lanfranchi mine I undertook the mapping and geotechnical drilling programme (surface drilled, full length, oriented core) for the Schmitt’s Decline.

Rock support for open cut and underground mining

The work for the Electricity Trust of South Australia and Western Mining Corporation (1986-1991) involved drill rig supervision, instrumentation and pit/drive mapping for quality/reserves, geotechnical and hydro-geological objectives at the Lochiel Trial Pit (SA), Leigh Creek Coalfield (SA), Long (WA), Victory (WA) and Lanfranchi (WA) mines. I have undertaken geological mapping underground at the Lanfranchi (including Schmidts decline) and other mines near Kambalda, as well as surface mapping for the Mariners portal/decline (Widgiemooltha), the Leigh Creek Coalfield, and the Lochiel Trial Pit (Northern St Vincent Basin). From this work I designed and applied ground support programmes using software including: ground water modelling with Dames and Moore TARGET, and cable bolt pattern design with the CSIRO structural and reinforcement application toolkit (SARAT)

Drilling and well bore completion

I have managed geotechnical drilling programmes for the raise bore for the Schmitts decline (oriented diamond drilling), Leigh Creek Coalfield (rotary triple tube) and the Lochiel Trial Pit (reverse circulation, rotary and oriented core). Associated with this drilling I installed, calibrated and monitored instrumentation including piesometers, extensometers, and stress gauges. I also wrote my own analysis systems with data logging programmes in Basic and storing, processing and plotting the data in spreadsheets (Lotus 123 and Microsoft Excel).

Work history

1996- present       Proprietor, "Computers in Geology"

When I began working with the CSIRO as a vacation student on the prototype Mutooroo solution mine, I took for granted the careful measurement and data sharing across disciplines. Later with Century Geophysical I saw that this was not prevalent across industry. When I got the chance, I published computing from a field geologist’s perspective, with the emphasis on measurement and cross-discipline data integration, picking on topics shunned by academics. These received support and encouragement from other industry geologists for the practical solutions and frank opinions. Some of the on-going benefits from this work are:

           Research, design and prototyping of an electronic field notebook for the earth sciences based on Microsoft Excel.

              Analysis and design of the ELASTIC data model utilising fith normal form informatics.


2008-2011            consultant,  Peoplebank Australia Pty Ltd

I had been in practice with IT and communications companies since 1996, contracting to resource and mining service companies. With consulting for twenty years you learn to work with people from all parts of the business. I leveraged my experience representing companies to the community, including native title holders, into my research at the University of Melbourne. There I practiced using government data sets from all departments to prepare bushfire and flood models.  Helping at an AusIMM students barbecue I was reminded by a recent graduate, who had declined an opportunity to re-log the drill-core from a programme of drilling, that not everyone likes core logging and geological measurement as much as I do. But even so there were still some new points-of-view with:

·       Natural resource database development advice, Trees for Life

·       2011 Red-Hat Innovation Award to Santos Limited for maintaining a science database in Adelaide, accessing it world-wide and where I was specifically responsible for

à      Writing the computer program which plot cross-sections of the gas wells in 3 dimensions and calculates how much gas is present in the coal seams.

à      Maintain the software and databases for the collection of all the science data from 30 thousand wells across the world.

In late 2011 I shelved my practice with Peoplebank, to examine the commercialisation of the University of Melbourne research into bushfire and flood modelling for the urban fringe.

2005 - 2008          contract project geologist, Affinity IT Recruitment Pty Ltd

·       Temporary relief help desk operator for Petrosys Pty Ltd, developers of dbMap, Petroseis and other mapping software.

·       Sort through the old records in tape and disk form to find good scientific records and preserve the rest in the archives of Santos Limited.

·       Create macro scripts to allow the indexing and reporting of the data in the archive.

·       Preparation of well data for drilling proposals by Santos Limited for offshore SA/VIC, Indonesia and an eastern Queensland coal seam gas field:

·       Prepare technical manuals and web-pages to support the training and use of these databases

2005                       contract field geologist, IMC Consultants Pty Ltd

·       Air core drill supervision at the Aurukun bauxite deposit, Cape York Peninsula.

à      Qld Mines & Energy S1 EH&OS site supervisor

à      Training of graduate geologists and aboriginal field crew

à      Face to face interaction with tribal elders and clan leaders

2002- 2004            contract project geologist, Affinity IT Recruitment Pty Ltd

For the later contracts I provided project proposals as Microsoft PowerPoint audio-visual presentations, maintained project plans in Microsoft Project, cost estimates and user manuals in Microsoft Word; and posters for technical reviews in Microsoft PowerPoint. The projects have included:

·       Wire-line/geophysical log data clean-up for Santos Limited (January 2004 to December 2004)

à      Batch archive sets from old log databases to a tape library (SER SERstore), and write scripts (Unix/sh) to include the index with the master web-browser index (Perl, Tcl, Paradigm Geolog) of the on-line data.

à      Write scripts (Paradigm Geolog, Microsoft Excel, Unix/csh) to find and remove non-standard logs from exploration and well evaluation summary data sets.

à      Audit, synthesise and write a standard web-based procedure for generation of well log data (Microsoft Word and Microsoft SharePointServices).

·       Reorganisation of the on-line well log database for Santos Limited (November 2002 to December 2003 ).

à      Batch search and transfer (Paradigm Geolog, Unix/csh, Microsoft Excel) of the best log data from 100 functional and business unit databases (Paradigm GLDB2) to twenty integrated databases (Paradigm εpos), founded on geological province.

à      Implement web-browser index (HTML, Perl, Tcl, Paradigm Geolog, Unix/sh) of the same databases and make a comprehensive set of supporting documentation including posters, presentations, procedures and standards (Microsoft Powerpoint, Word, Project and Sharepoint Sevices).

·       Preparation of well data for a proposal by Santos Limited for a new exploration lease (October 2002).

à      80 well, 15 day programme to prepare data (Paradigm Geolog, Schlumberger GeoFrame) for a gazetted deadline

à      Validate well, run and log nomenclature, numeric check of well elevations, coordinates and log data.

·       Migration of wire-line databases (approx. 10 000 wells) and application software from Paradigm Geolog 6.16 to Paradigm Geolog 6.4 (July – September 2004).

·       Inspection and editing of wire-line logs with the production of a synthetic seismogram.

2001 - 2002          researcher, The University of Melbourne

The principal reason in becoming a consultant was to allow me to publish on developments of mineral surveying practice and influencing the education of field geologists. This culminated in being admitted to the University of Melbourne to undertake a research degree. This research was funded under a SPIRT grant via the Australian Postgraduate Award (Industry) at the University of Melbourne.

·       Candidate for Master of Applied Science by research with the Department of Geomatics, Faculty of Engineering, with the thesis title: Remote temporal monitoring of land use.

·       Component of the Strategic Partnerships with Industry – Research and Training (SPIRT) grant titled “Multi-temporal inventory of land use and land cover: an investigation of the use of high resolution satellite imagery and integration with non-image data”.

In essence the thesis is about the integration of field data from multiple sources. While the degree, as a research degree, is not a professional engineering degree, the geomatics department in the Faculty of Engineering, is accredited by the Institution of Engineers with an undergraduate four-year engineering degree.

·       Demonstrated the ‘GIS for Geologists’ course for the post-graduates of the Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Science.

·       Guest Lecturer for the third-year remote sensing students.

·       Residential adviser at the University College

·       Tutor in mathematics, University College

I used ESRI ArcView (as it was then) and Spatial Analyst in research at the Department of Geomatics, and demonstrated it to postgraduates of the Victorian Institute of Earth and Planetary Science in the “GIS for Geoscientists” course. Since then I have provided a similar system for broader community use but using Golden Software MapViewer to match the lesser budget. The demonstration from the ESRI work and the later MapViewer exercises I published this year in an e-book “Grimoire of Geological Computing”.

1996- 2000            Computer Geologist, Affinity Contracting & Search

My move to Affinity Contracting and Search was made because I needed to work with a team. Towards the end of the 1990s it became apparent that I could no longer compete technically as an individual contractor against the multi-disciplinary teams being provided by the international service companies like Schlumberger Geoquest and Landmark Graphics. I had to find a partner to provide the special services for the more general PC and network support while I concentrated on the data, processing and database aspects of the work for mining companies. I found a company Applied micro Systems, later Affinity IT Recruitment, that was run by a surveyor, Chris Hall, who shared the same vision of geo-computing. By 1999 I was working with a team of five geo-computing specialists and a full time manager. However, I had traded technical issues for human issues.

My action plan to build the business was three-fold. I had to convince the manager to persist with the vision, encourage the other technical team members to combine their talent and then emphasise our benefits to the client who was used to dealing with a single face. I followed the same plan in each case. I made a point of volunteering to do induction duty. I found an opportunity to explain my hopes to each newcomer then at a later time when they showed anger and frustration I asked and listened to their ambition. I made a point of trying to find something, even a just a token, that would show that I took their concerns seriously and was trying to progress that. No particular situation stood out there was just countless conversations over coffee, in the corridor and toilet. Over time inertia built up and we were achieving each other’s goals. Once all parties were seeing success it was much easier to maintain the sense of working together.

The senior UNIX administrator said he was very happy with our manager, Cheryl Smith, because she paid his invoice on time and always went out of her way to help him. This was an experienced surveyor who had his own company and had spent the previous two or three years contracting through another company. To impress him we must have been working for each other not just for ourselves and this indicated to me that we had built a team.

Then when our contract at Santos was closing in 2000, another team member, who had been very cynical about working in the mining industry, walked up to our supervisor, and said anytime that he needed help he would be more than happy to work for him. They had clashed on a number times and I had worked hard for each to see the strengths of the other. Finally, our most junior member came up to me after our last drinks and thanked me for supporting him over the two or more years. I was touched and I had to explain that it went with the job and he shouldn’t think it so special.

As for the technical side of the work I had:

·       Responsible for review and integration of geological computing systems with highlights of

à      science data collection system for the Leigh Creek Coalfield,

à      Debugging of science software and plotter management for Santos Limited.

à      Curating the science data collected from wells drilled by Santos Limited

·       General consulting responsibilities:

à      geological and exploration computing

à      CGM, HPGL, HPGL2 and DXF graphic file exchange.

·       Project manager for the following projects

à      Geolog5 to Geolog6 wireline log database migration (June 1999)

à      development of a wireline log tapes catalogue and loading utilities (June 1997 to March 1999)

à      Novell Netware 4.1 roll out at Santos Limited (October 1996 to February 1997)

·       Special briefs

à      develop a replacement drilling schedule system (October 1998 to present)

à      Prototype and development of a computing support intranet web site (December 1997 to present).

à      Design and implementation of monitoring system to give time series plots of system activity reports from the Santos UNIX, LAN and WAN computer systems (December 1999 to August 2000)

à      Prepare the IT business continuity plan for Santos Ltd liquids loading facility Port Bonython, South Australia (June 1999).

à      Audit the disaster recovery system for Santos Ltd (December 1998 to May 1999).

à      Review of environmental database technical requirements (April 1999)

à      Audit, convey and transfer UNIX hardware and software acquired by Santos Ltd in taking over WMC Petroleum (June 1997 to April 1998)

à      Integrating wireline data from the takeover of Parker and Parsley by Santos Ltd (January 1997 to December 1997).

à      Business mapping of the Computer Users Group, Santos Ltd (October 1996).

·       System support responsibilities i.e. installation, maintenance and "trouble-shooting" service for geological computer systems including MINCOM Geolog, Encom GPInfo, Beicip-Franlab Matoil, Microsoft Excel, and Bentley Microstation.

·       The loading, management and modelling of tidal, laboratory, wireline and network data.

·       Equipment and software specifications for scientific computing.

·       Support for geological computer systems including MINCOM Geolog, Encom GPInfo, Beicip-Franlab Matoil, Microsoft Excel, and Bentley Microstation.

·       Project management, analysis, design and auditing of exploration computer systems.

1991 - 1996          Contract computer geologist

I had spent ten years in the field working on mine development, dewatering and stability; for service providers, mining companies and government. With major contracts from the Electricity Trust of South Australia (1991) and Santos Limited (1992-1996), I was responsible for review, design, evaluation, and integration of geo-scientific computing systems. It was a progression from CSIRO SARAT and Dames & Moore Target with hand-typed control files, to the versatile Paradigm Epos4 framework and automatic electro-facies for the direction of horizontal drilling of coal seams. Highlights were

·       The design and construction of a  turnkey hydrological/structural data collection system for ETSA (1991),

·       Hydrogeological modelling of the Leigh Creek Coalfield with Target (1991)

·       System support for MINCOM Geolog, Beicip-Franlab Matoil, and InDepth MIRA for  Santos Limited (1992 to 1996).

·       The management and purchase of plotting consumables for Santos Limited (1994 to 1996).

·       Manage the Novell Netware 4.1 roll out at Santos Ltd (October 1996 to February 1997).

·       Study tour of the SCADA and telemetry systems of the LaTrobe Coalfield in Latrobe Valley, Victoria (1991).

·       Business mapping of the Computer Users Group, Santos Ltd (October 1996).

·       The design and management of a geophysical wireline logs database for Santos Limited (1993 to 1996)

I first came across Remote Telemetry Units, associated with portable weather stations, in Queensland in 1984. I then hoped to use them with mine monitoring in ETSA and was the first author of a strategic plan and technical specification for the Leigh Creek Coalfield but my contract expired before I saw the SCADA system implemented. With Santos I touched on PRIM as an observer in the preliminary PRS design meetings and oversaw the move of the office SCADA PC to the new Santos building. Though Leigh Creek is a coal mine, the dewatering and pump control is the most significant aspect. In this regard the topology is the same as the Santos production system, but whereas Leigh Creek’s system was at the base level, the SCADA vendors consider the Santos system as the most sophisticated.

The work for the Electricity Trust of South Australia was based on a sound knowledge of groundwater modelling theory and practice. The Leigh Creek Coalfield required constant dewatering to remain active. The pumping schedule was determined from a finite difference model in the Dames & Moore proprietary software Target. In 1991 I manipulated the cells in the finite difference model and then ran the model for several scenarios. The results from the runs were used in the review report of the dewatering programme. working at the Leigh Creek Coalfield I was very much a cog in the machine, with strict procedures for relating to every other department and the other specialists in the Planning Department. Primarily, my work was summarised in the principal consultants’ reports.

The work I have done on mines always included a strong component of geotechnical work and so I was continually involved in identifying and controlling safety issues. However, it was an office exercise of which I am most proud. At Santos I was asked to manage the purchase of cartographic consumables. Within two years I identified that office staff had not been following fire brigade requirements for inflammable inks, substituted alternative printers, resolved an ongoing manual handling hazard and cut expenditure to a third. At the same time I improved the quality of maps by trying different papers and matching printer to screen palettes. It was good engineering with accounting, and environmental success. The responsibility for the purchasing was handed over seamlessly to the supply department at the completion of the project.

Applying innovation as a contractor it is critical that we can adapt to change and have our own performance reviewed. While I was a contractor with Santos Limited I was assigned to the exploration computer users group that was responsible for introducing new technology into petroleum exploration and development teams. Just after I had started, Santos introduced formalised performance reviews, which coincided with the federal government requirement for compulsory training.

On rough paper I listed my own career development priorities, the problem areas of the work for the current year as I had identified in monthly reports and potential future technological improvements I had gleaned from reading journals. These, I synthesised into short, medium and long term development plans for the training scheme requirements at the end of the form. Then it was simple matter of allocating the reasoning to the former sections. Each year I built on the form of the previous year, establishing a professional development narrative.

The Chief Operations Geologist brought my positive approach to change management to the attention of the Technical Services Manager and I was seconded as department coordinator at the time of documenting the department’s procedures for the ISO 9001 quality system.

It was also during this time that I recognised that liaising with clients in a courteous, responsive and timely manner gave me a clear advantage. At Santos Limited, the roll-out of the PC and Novell computing system to replace the first generation Wang word processing system with a PC and Novell network was outsourced to Applied Micro Systems. Unfortunately, the internal management information systems department, had over time, soured their relationships with their customer departments. I was independent, and because of my systems analysis work for the exploration technical services department, had a broad understanding of the dependence of the many computing systems at Santos.

I examined the personnel charts to identify general managers for all parts of the corporation. I then prepared a form letter signed by the manager of exploration technical services explaining the company wide change, stating my authority to manage that change and asking that they inform their managers. This was then followed by a series of meetings.

I would book a formal appointment with a manager. At the meeting I would give a fifteen minute explanation of the work and then answer any questions. At the end of the meeting I would ask him to appoint coordinators who could represent each of the types of systems within the department.

I would then meet with each of the coordinators and explain that I was a geologist who had been seconded to the project because I had been working on the systems analysis of the company as a whole, but that I knew nothing about the details of their work. Together, we would then prepare action plans for their representative system and modify their department on the timeline chart representing the whole of the company. I would take these action plans to the contractor would then adapt the system within the bounds allowed by the management information systems department.

Then again together we would explain the change to the whole department in a formal lecture, show the timeline chart and introduce the contractors who would be doing the work. This allowed individuals to reassure themselves that we had overcome any migration, confidentiality and department interdependence issues with their own files.

On the actual days of the changeover, the coordinators would collect notes on any problems, which were then addressed at a final coordinators meeting with the contractors present. Once the corrections had been completed I would again ask for an appointment with the manager and check that he and she were also satisfied.

I had initially declined renewing my individual contract with Santos Limited as I wanted to pursue more consulting activities. However, at Santos, the roll out of the next business unit after I had left, though planned and left in good order, had gone astray through misunderstandings on the weekend of the implementation. Santos rang me and asked that I come back as a consultant and promised a carte blanche contract with which I was able to negotiate with several larger consulting firms and eventually settled with Applied Micro Systems and which led to the formation of Affinity Contracting and Search.

1990       Geotechnical Geologist, Western Mining Corporation

Geotechnical investigation (underground and open cut) including:

·       Raise bore for the underground decline to Schmitts. Previous bores blew salt water.

·       Underground mapping and drafting cross-sections for Lanfranchi and Mariners mine.

·       Supervised fully oriented diamond cored hole for geotechnical and exploration.

·       Supervised three-dimensional stress tests at Long and Victory underground mines.

·       Cable bolt design and installation using the CSIRO program SARAT.

I was responsible for all geotechnical investigation in approximately 10 mines (underground and open cut) of the Kambalda Nickel Operations. The work utilised my experience and understanding of the principles of hydrogeology.

Lanfranchi was an underground nickel mine 100km south of Kambalda. A further ore deposit, Schmitts, a kilometre or so from the main deposit was being accessed by an underground decline. A raise bore was being planned to allow for an exhaust for the new lobe. However the raise on the main deposit, also an exhaust, leaked salty water that was driven by the surface fans into an aerosol, which inhibited several acres of sandalwood scrub.

I redrew the mine sections into, full surface to below maximum mine depth, geological cross-sections. I did this to establish any formations that could be acting as aquifers but more importantly to show the extension of faults which were seen in the mine to be leaking and were suspected of being recharged by surface rainfall. I sited two angled geotechnical holes that would intersect a body of rock that was intact to confirm the position of the raise.

The first hole intersected faults, making water, as did the second. A self-draining lining was designed for the raise where it intersected the fault, so as to prevent the build-up of head, which had cracked the concrete in the first raise. The exploration geologists used the fault information and redrawn plans to develop further ore targets.

As geotechnical geologist at Kambalda Nickel Operation my primary responsibility was to use mine design to stop people getting seriously injured and minimise the environmental damage. My principal disappointment was that I alone was shouldering the practical burden of improving OHSW and environmental management The responsible officers were working at policy and statutory monitoring without feeding back into the work place procedures, but to be fair to Western Mining I had massive support from the mine managers and foremen.

In contrast, the Leigh Creek Coalfield where the Five Star programme developed in South African mines, was used, I felt that the burden of improvement was more equally shared between the policy, management and operational levels.

1990       Lecturer - mathematics / demonstrator - computer studies,

WA College of Advanced Education / Kalgoorlie College, Kalgoorlie.

1989 - 1990          Volunteer Assistant, Vac-Swim,

Assisted with learn-to-swim activities during the Christmas vacation at the Quorn memorial Swimming Pool, South Australia.

1989 - 1990          Sample preparation, Genalysis Laboratories Pty Ltd

Soil and rock sample preparation at the Kalgoorlie laboratory.

1986 - 1988          Geologist, The Electricity Trust of South Australia.

Probably my most significant achievement in this period was the design and construction of a hydrological/structural data collection system for the Electricity Trust of South Australia (1996 –1998, 1991). I developed from scratch, computer systems and procedures to monitor groundwater and ground movement measurements. Initially implemented for the Lochiel Trial Pit the system was then transferred to the Leigh Creek Coalfield. Included integrated data logger software, time series plots and exports to Vulcan software. It was extremely robust and ETSA Marketing used the system as a prototype for an electricity meter reading system. I continued my research into field data collection and later influenced design across Australia through my newsletter Computers in Geology.

GEOLOGIST - Production Planning Branch

(supervisor: Engineering Geologist, Leigh Creek)

September 1998 to February 1989

My duties at the Leigh Creek Coalfield were an extension of my work at Lochiel. They included:

·       Using field mapping and ground instruments to minimise rock falls and give warning to the miners and drivers in the coal pits.

·       Installation of the computerised piezometric data collection system designed by Coal Resources.

·       Providing advice with regard to instrumentation.

·       Implementing the structural investigation procedures designed by Dames and Moore geotechnical consultants.  This involved pit mapping, setting up a structural database and quality control procedures.

·       Supervising geotechnical, hydro-geological and environmental instrumentation, sampling and field studies at the M10 Highwall Trial.

GEOLOGIST – Coal Resources Department

( supervisor: Senior Geologist)


South Australian Engineering Award 1988; Institution of Engineers, Australia

The Lochiel Trial Pit in the Northern St Vincent Basin, was dug to test the coal and determine how difficult it was to keep out the groundwater. The project was awarded for the large amount of instrumentation used in the investigation and the very soft sedimentary rocks. I was specifically responsible for

·       Making observations from geophysical measurements, drill cores and chips

·       installation of ground instruments

·       Presenting to the Bute Area School on the work being done there.

·       Site supervision of drill crews.

·       Living in Lochiel and representing the Electricity Trust in the local community

·       I supervised a kaolin exploration programme on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. Kaolin is used as an additive to the boiler of coal-fired power station, to stop the fire box being coated with natural glass.

February 1988 to August 1988,

·       Preparation of structural sections for Leigh Creek Coalfield. This required interpretation of geophysical borehole logs, database creation, computer plotting, and then seam correlation and data checking.

·       Wrote reports on the Lochiel Trial Pit

·       Supervised a kaolin exploration programme on Yorke Peninsula, South Australia.

·       Participated in a number of  data management tasks.

June 1986 to Jan 1988

I was part of the Lochiel Trial Pit task force.  This project was to excavate bulk coal samples and large scale field test dewatering and depressurisation techniques in the Northern St Vincent Basin.  The work was notable for the large amount of instrumentation used in the geotechnical and hydro-geological investigation and the low strength of the materials excavated. In particular I was responsible for

·       Installation of geotechnical instruments

·       The instrumentation management, data collection and processing.

·       Site supervisor for up to 10 contractors.

The work required particular attention to timeliness. In 1986, at the site of the Lochiel Trial Pit, over one hundred piezometers and instruments were required to monitor the different formations within the Northern St Vincent Basin and underlying basement. The formations, between 10 and 100 metres depth, were expansive and the drilling, instrument preparation and grouting had to occur within a ten minutes before the hole closed over. I was responsible for the drilling supervision, installation and testing of them all.

The key to meeting these deadlines was preparation. The grouting materials conveyed to the site included 30% contingency and the instruments were assembled and laid out beside the hole before the drilling rods were pulled. The drilling rig crew volunteered for their jobs and then a quick role play was carried out to make sure each person in the team knew their duty. If a different device caused a problem I would talk it over with the driller and take any suggestion from the crew before I modified the roles.

Only two out of one hundred instruments failed at time of installation. I excavated the in-pit instruments myself and found at most only half a dozen more that could have had some kind of hydraulic connectivity with the surface or an adjacent formation. The Electricity Trust of South Australia was given an award by the Institute of Engineers for the degree and intensity of the geotechnical instrumentation, which at that time was possibly the most intense site ever.

January 1986 to May 1986

As probation I worked as a field assistant in a coal quality and geotechnical drilling programme at Lochiel, South Australia. My duties included: 

·       Logging core; 

·       supervising 2 to 3 drill rigs;

·       selecting , preparing and sealing core samples for strength testing and chemical analysis

·       piesometer measurements;

·       taking oriented core with a timed sampler;

·       supervised another field assistant.

This work required a good knowledge of hydrogeology theory & practice. The drilling of development and geotechnical holes for the Electricity Trust of South Australia on Lake Bumbunga had a peculiar hydro-geological problem. The lake was fed by artesian water that percolated through joints in the basement and pressured a sub crustal, gypsum-anhydrite aquifer to ten metres head. When this was penetrated at less than ten metres the pressure and flow was so great that the drilling mud, though heavily weighted was diluted and the hole washed out around the collar. It was not the first time it had occurred. Previous exploration drilling by another company, had washed out, causing tens of square metres of damage to the lake surface had caused a moratorium on lake drilling.

As a supervising geologist I attended a half day course on drilling mud rpovided by the Baroid company. We then asked the driller to change his procedure to include pushing steel casing ahead of the drill bit. At the same time I kept a close eye on the chip return looking for the large anhydrite crystals that characterised the aquifer as compared the more granular, halite aquitard at the surface. Immediately there was any sign of this, very heavy barite slurry was added to the drilling mud. On practice the casing could be driven below ten metres and by twelve metres there was enough weight in the well to allow for any fluctuations in the drilling system. With these preparations the remainder of the holes were drilled without incident.

1983 - 1985          technician, Century Geophysical Australia

I was initially employed as a technician then promoted to senior technician (supervisor: Managing Director). Of particular interest to me was the geophysical logging for environmental and development studies over the period 1984-1985, where I worked on projects in three countries including the Jabiru Oil Field Offshore Storage Facility (Timor Sea), OK Tedi tailings dam (Papua New Guinea), the Sweetwater Mercury Outboard plant (Oklahoma), the Leigh Creek Coalfield (South Australia), the Lochiel Trial Pit (South Australia) and the Oaklands Joint Venture (New South Wales).

I worked alone in a truck or helicopter unit at remote locations. You were responsible for every aspect of the work: maintenance, technical problem solving, finding vendors for re-supply, client education and relations.

February 1984 to January 1986, Senior Technician

I was responsible for provision of geophysical services for clients and supervising the Adelaide office of three technicians. As well as the duties for a technician this position required:

·       Supervising the Adelaide office with three technicians.

·       Troubleshooting service for four to six units operating in Australia.

·       Consulting to clients

·       Geophysical research into EM, susceptibility and dry hole seismic borehole methods.

·       Manufacturing air conditioning equipment

·       Assisting in a material properties laboratory

·       Bookkeeping

·       Interviewing job applicants

Highlights of the work were:

·       Oaklands Joint Venture, New South Wales, coal quality and hydro-geological program (November 1985 to January 1986).

·       Coal exploration in mid-north Texas (October 1985).

·       Federal EPA contaminated waste survey at the Mercury Outboards Sweetwater plant, Oklahoma (August 1985).

·       The ETSA Phase II Geotechnical Program at Leigh Creek Coalfield, South Australia (April 1985 to May 1985).

·       Tailings/hydropower dam site investigation for Ok Tedi Mining Limited at Tapko, Papua New Guinea (November 1984 to February 1985).

·       Evaluation and geotechnical drilling by ETSA at the Lochiel Coal Deposit, South Australia (March 1984 to September 1984).

·       The BHP Offshore Storage Facility foundation investigation for the Jabiru oil field, Timor Sea (April 1984 to May 1984).

·       ETSA Phase I Geotechnical Program at the Leigh Creek Coalfield, South Australia.

June 1983 to January 1984, Geophysical Technician

This job required a truck licence and registration as a radiation worker. Day to day work was

·       Provision of geophysical borehole logs to clients.

·       Truck servicing

·       Equipment repair

·       Billing

·       Calibrating radiation and electrical probes

Highlights of the work were:

·       Coal exploration for Brigalow Mines, Central Queensland (August 1983 to October 1983).

1983       relief geology teacher, Muirden Matriculation College

(supervisor: Principal, Muirden Matriculation College).

·       Teaching

·       Invidulating

1981 - 1982          Operator, Muturoo Copper Mine

The Muturoo Copper Mine was an experimental solution mine owned by Adelaide and Wallaroo Fertilizers with cooperative research from the Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). The duties involved:

·       conducting chemical analysis, testing salinity, and pH;

·       sampling liquor, copper concentrate and groundwater;

·       maintaining and operating the plant to produce copper;

·       maintaining instruments, recording and adjusting plant processes.

·       monitoring salinity, pH;

·       taking liquor and groundwater samples;

·       monitoring bores;

·       operating the plant and harvesting the copper;

·       maintaining plant and scientific instruments;

·       recording and  adjusting plant processes;

·       chemical analysis of water and liquor samples.


JACQUIER, G. 2012 Working with your own data: a rational approach to a digital learning and research framework for Australian geology students. In Program & Abstracts, 1st Australian Geoscience Teaching Workshop, 18-19 January 2012, Adelaide, Australia. Geological Society of Australia Abstracts No. 100, 28.

JACQUIER, G. L. 2011 Grimoire of Geological Computing; observatory manual and site notes. Computers in Geology, Parkside, South Australia.

JACQUIER, G.L.; LEACH J.; and BISHOP, I.D. 2006 West Gippsland Catchment Monitoring (poster), Abstracts, 18th AGC Melbourne 2006, ISSN0729-011X/ISBN 0-646-46246-6. Geological Society of Australia, Sydney.

JACQUIER, G. L. 2010 Review of the implementation of the 'Geological Monuments in South Australia' DVD. The Great Australian Byte, 3, 11, December 2010 pp 6-11.

JACQUIER, G. L. 2004 Introduction to environmental soil physics. In The Australian Geologist, pp. 31-32.

JACQUIER, G. and LEACH, J., 2002, A compound, precision oriented, relative accuracy index for the comparison of raster data and minimilisation of computing of computing cost. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Spatial Accuracy Assessment in Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences (Accuracy 2002), Gary J. Hunter and Kim Lowell (eds), Melbourne, Australia.

JACQUIER, G. L., LEACH, J. and BISHOP, I. D. (2001) Specific characteristics of data used in monitoring images for West Gippsland catchment management, Victoria and the significance for spatial data infrastructure. In (Eds, Rajabifard, A., Feeney, M.-E. and Williamson, I.) Proceedings of International Symposium on Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)-,Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructure and Land Administration, the University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1998 - Microsoft Excel proves the best prototyping tool for investigation software based on the ELASTIC data model. Abstracts, No. 49, 14th AGC Townsville 1998.  Geological Society of Australia, Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1998 - SGiC Internet tips. The Great Australian Byte, ISSN 1325-3700, April 1998 Volume 4, Part 2, pp 3-5.  Australian Geoscience Information Association, Adelaide.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1997 - Enigmatic, long and skinny tables increase comprehensiveness in the ELASTIC data model for an electronic field book. The Great Australian Byte, ISSN 1325-3700, October 1997 Volume 3, Part 4, pp 2-6.  Australian Geoscience Information Association, Adelaide.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1997 - Specialist Group in Computing (SGiC) Internet tips #5 in The Australian Geologist, June 30 1997 Newsletter No 103, pp 20.  Geological Society of Australia Inc., Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - AS/NZS ISO 9000 - 1994 in The Great Australian Byte, ISSN 1325-3700, December 1996 Volume 2, Part 4, pp 2-5.  Australian Geoscience Information Association, Adelaide.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - "Autumn 1996".  Computers in Geology - republished in Williams A. ed. (1996): PESA News, June/July 1996 pp 31-34, Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia Inc., Perth.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - SGiC Internet tips #2 The Australian Geologist, March 31 1996 Newsletter No 98?, pp 19-20.  Geological Society of Australia Inc., Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - SGiC Internet tips #3 The Australian Geologist, June 30 1996 Newsletter No 99?, pp 13.  Geological Society of Australia Inc., Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - SGiC Internet tips #4. The Australian Geologist, December 30 1996 Newsletter No 101?, pp 19-20.  Geological Society of Australia Inc., Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1995 - SGiC Internet tips. The Australian Geologist, December 31 1995 Newsletter No 97?, pp 15.  Geological Society of Australia Inc., Sydney.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1996 - STANDARDS: United States Geological Survey Open-file Report 95-25 in The Great Australian Byte, ISSN 1325-3700, September 1996 Volume 2, Part 3, pp 6-7.  Australian Geoscience Information Association, Adelaide.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1992a: "11 AGC Edition".  Computers in Geology.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1992b: "Autumn 1992".  Computers in Geology.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1992c - "Winter 1992".  Computers in Geology.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1992d - "Spring 1992".  Computers in Geology.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1988a:  The Lochiel Trial Pit.  Paper presented to Kadina High School S.A. March 1988.

JACQUIER, G.L. 1988b:  The Lochiel Trial Pit.  An introduction to an engineering and geological investigation carried out at the site of a proposed coal mine.  Lecture to Lodge Aviation No 184 SAC April  1988.

NATIONALITY:                  Australian

LANGUAGES:                     English (fluent), French (basic).


·       Member, Geological Society of Australia (Environmental Geology Specialist Group, Secretary/Treasurer of Specialist Group in Computing).

·       Member, Australian Geoscience Information Association, Vice President 2003, President 2004.

·       Member, Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia


1982, 83, 85-present Member, Geological Society of Australia

·       Environmental Geology Specialist Group 1985-present

·       Education Specialist Group 2006-present

·       SA Division committee member 2005-present

·       caterer, Joint AUSIMM/GSA student barbecue 2005-present

·       promotions coordinator: handouts and give-aways 2007-present

·       booth designer and attendant, Mining Careers Expo: 2007 Norwood-Morialta High School, 2008 St Peters College

·       Secretary/Treasurer of the defunct Specialist Group in Computing

·       Writer for The Australian Geologist magazine

2017- present            Green Member, Australian Shareholders Association

1993- present            state president 2004 - 2012, Australian Geoscience Information Association,

·       National Vice President 2003, National President 2004

·       Australian Geoscience Council representative 2003-2004

·       Organise dinner meetings

·       Writer for The Great Australian Byte newsletter

·       Led the commercialisation of the Australian Earth Science Information System

1993-2016                  Member, Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia

·       Booth attendant, Conference of the Australian Science Teachers Association, Adelaide

·       Writer for the PESA News magazine

2001- 2018                 Lodge representative, Broadview Freemasons Centre Association Inc.

·       Produced by-laws, schedules and a web-site for hirers

·       Carry out OHS inspections and organise working-bees


Available on application.


thesis in preparation for Master of Applied Science (Geomatics Science), The University of Melbourne. Australian Postgraduate Award (Industry) research with the Department of Geomatics, Faculty of Engineering. 2000 to present.

Graduate Diploma of Applied Science in Computer Studies (Informatics), Edith Cowan University, 1994.

Bachelor of Applied Science in Applied Geology, University of South Australia, 1982.Bachelor of Applied Science in Applied Geology, University of South Australia, 1980-1982.

Other training:

·       Planning and communication for membership benefit. Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies. November 28, 2002 at Thebarton, South Australia.

·       Level 2: workplace first aid certificate. basic first aid, Centre for Ambulance and Paramedic Studies, Monash University. July 15-18, 2001 at Parkville, Victoria.

·       Running a consultancy ALPS module, School of Graduate Studies, The University of Melbourne, April 3-5, 2001 at Parkville, Victoria.

·       Software Marketing '97, School of Marketing, University of South Australia, Adelaide, 6 and 7 February 1997.

·       Quality Management Auditing, MGS Debenham & Associates, Adelaide, 11-13th October 1995.

·       Deterministic petrophysics, by Mincom Pty Ltd, at Adelaide, 1995.

·       Theory and tutorial for Multimin, by Mincom Pty Ltd, at Adelaide, 1994

·       How to handle difficult people, South Australian Employers' Chamber of Commerce and Industry Inc., Adelaide, 22 August 1994.

·       Intermediate Geolog, Mincom Pty Ltd, Adelaide, 12 August 1993

·       Introductory Geolog, Mincom Pty Ltd, Adelaide, 29 July 1993.

·       Current techniques in physical and chemical hydrogeology: A focus on contamination in the shallow environment, short course at the 11th Australian Geological Convention, Ballarat University College, 18 January 1992.

·       A short course on the design and formation of slopes in open pit mines, Dames & Moore, Kalgoorlie 14 August 1990.

·       Open Pit Stability Conference, WA Mines Department, Kalgoorlie 14 August 1990.

·       Introduction to Exploration in the Goldfields, Eastern Goldfields Geological Discussion Group, Kalgoorlie 17,18 March 1989.

·       WORKSHOP W4: -Engineering Geophysics Seminar, ASEG/SEG International Geophysical Conference and Exhibition, Adelaide 13,14 February 1988.

·       Geostatistics - Theory and Practice (a 4 day short course July 7-10 1987), Dept of Civil and Mining Engineering, The University of Wollongong, Adelaide 7-10 1987.

·       Drilling Muds, half-day course Baroid Australia, Adelaide 1986.

·       Heavy vehicle driver’s licence with motor bike, class HR R

·       Site safety and health representative course (S1), Simtars, Wacol, Qld (26 May 2005).