COMPUTERS IN GEOLOGY

Geoscience Gateway

What you can find here is:
time and locations of land courts
automated list of regulations
contribution by Malcolm Park
recommendations for a health, safety or quality audit
using XSL(T) and Thomson EndNote for seriatem
Further reading regarding excavations.
Revised Standard version
King James version
automated list of regulations
Tables for:
Comparison of depth indicators for an excavation decision support system
or just select the default gateway.

Further reading regarding excavations

This is a mock up of a decision support system for law relevant to excavation in mining, construction and building. In principle it reflects a structure of legal defeasibility. In this gateway there are links to sites where you can read reviews, download electronic copies (most suitable for digital searching) of the acts or regulations or material safety data sheets, or where you can buy paper copies of guidelines including national standards.

The proper archiving of these facts may be difficult for individuals. As an indicator, in the State of Queensland, records of radiation monitoring or other industrial disease issues must be kept for 30 years, otherwise the records such as a mine manager's journal must be kept for 7 years. This is longer than the 25 years for commercial capital gains records, but the protocols recommended in the Grimoire of Geological Computing are suitable for this problem. See the Downloads section on the Features page for the latest revision of grimoire.pdf file. Resource companies are now developing websites to maintain the records for the community as part of their social licence to operate, and I have included this new category in revising the table.

Matthew chapter 7, verse 26 Revised Standard version

For this series I to XVI, in the table below, the more defeasible, the greater the index. Explanation is in the sections following with:

  1. with the … Boolean algebra … giving instructions to use the table
  2. the King James version explaining the improvement of the tables features
  3. and the Caveat supplying the context and limitations of use.
maximum depth of excavation:
TRUTH
I Acts [The favorite icon for the Office of the Revisor of Statutes website]   [The Apple icon for the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website] [The crest for the Parliament of South Australia] [The favorite icon for the SA.Gov.au website]   [Click here to go on-line legislation for the State of Queensland]
II     [Click here to go on-line legislation for the Commonwealth of Australia] [The logo for the on-line legislation website for the Commonwealth of Australia] [The Apple icon for the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website]
III Regulations [The favorite icon for the Minesota Department of Natural Resources website]   [the favourite icon for SA Power Networks web-page] [The favorite icon for the website of the Governor of South Australia] [The favorite icon for the Government Gazette of South Australia] [The crest for the Parliament of South Australia] [The Apple icon for the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website] [The favorite icon for the SafeWork SA website]    
    [The logo for the on-line legislation website for the Commonwealth of Australia]
IV Directives     [The favorite icon for the Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure website] [The favorite icon for the Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure website] Scientific Permits [The favorite icon for the SafeWork SA website]    
[The logo for the on-line legislation website for the Commonwealth of Australia] [The favorite icon for the Department of Defence website] Copyright Tribunal of Australia
V Government guidelines [The favorite icon for the Minesota Department of Natural Resources website]   PropertyAssist [The favorite icon for the SA.GOV.AU website] [The favorite icon for the SA.Gov.au website] [The Apple icon for the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website] Land Services Group [The favorite icon for the Legal Services Commission of South Australia website] [The favorite icon for the Asbestos SA website] [The favorite icon for the Safework NSW website] [The favorite icon for the Safework Queensland website]
[The favorite icon for the Department of Communications and the Arts website] [The favorite icon for the Asbestos SA website]
VI     City Plan 2010 – 2016 [The Apple icon for the Woomera Prohibited Area Coordination Office website] [The favorite icon for the Australian Copyright Council website]
VII Standards [The favorite icon for the Network Advertising website]   [The favorite icon for the Standards Australia website] [The favorite icon for the Taxi Council of South Australia website] [favourite icon for the Geoscience Australia website] Your Online Choices [favourite icon for the Sydney University website]
[The favorite icon for the iab. website] [the logo for the International Council for Sciences ] [favourite icon for the Creative Commons website] [favourite icon for the GNU website] [favourite icon for the Apache Software Foundation website]
VIII common-sense [The favorite icon for the Minesota Department of Natural Resources website] [Favorite icon for the Bunnings Warehouse UK microsite] [Favorite icon for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation website] [Favorite icon for the Dremel website] The Red Book [Favorite icon for the IKEA website] [Favorite icon for the Coles website] [Favorite icon for the Bunnings Warehouse website] [Favorite icon for the Acclaim Software Limited website] [Favorite icon for the Boral Group] [Favorite icon for the WorkPro website] [Favorite icon for the truck.net.au website] parking enforcement [The favorite icon for the Copyright Agency website]
[the favorite icon for the Definition of Free Cultural Works website] [the favorite icon for the Bible Gateway website] [Favorite icon for the Happy Co website] [Favorite icon for the Ultimaker website]
FACT : 50 N + >10 50 N 40 S 30 S 20 S
IX Geology [the favorite icon for the British Geological Survey website] [The favourite icon for AusGeolOrg website] favorite icon for the Georeferencer website [The favourite icon for the Wikipedia web-site] [favourite icon for the Wordpress website] [favourite icon for the LinkedIn website] [The logo for the Eagle Research Advisory website] [favourite icon for the Santos Water Portal website]
X [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website] [the favorite icon for the British Geological Survey website] [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website] [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website] [the icon for a map from the SARIG database] [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website] [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website]
XI [the favorite icon for the United States Geological Survey online data website] [The favorite icon for the OneGeology mapping portal] [the favorite icon for the British Geological Survey website] [The favorite icon for the OneGeology mapping portal] [favourite icon for the AUSGIN Geoscience Portal] [The favorite icon for the OneGeology mapping portal] [the favorite icon for the Computers in Geology website] [the favorite icon for the australia.gov.au website]
LIES
XII Biology [the favorite icon for the Personify Care website] [The logo for the State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy (Republic of China) web-site] [The favourite icon for the Wikispecies web-site] [the favorite icon for the BioInteractive website]
DAMNED LIES
XIII Geophysics [the favorite icon for the BioInteractive website]
XIV [The favourite icon for the ESRI web-sites] [The favourite icon for the Wikipedia web-site] [the favorite icon for the Giovanni websites] [the favorite icon for the Global Volcanism Program website] [the favorite icon for the Earthquake Hazards Program website]
XV Atlas of the Underworld [the icon for the Atlas of the Universe database] Keith Potts
STATISTICS
XVI Policy [the favorite icon for The Conversation website] [the favorite icon for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change website] ASPI [the favorite icon for the Lowy Institute website] [the favorite icon for the H.R. Nicholls Society website] [Favorite icon for the Adelaide Independent Taxis website]

The Boolean algebra documents different types of associations

The table above is a picture of the confusion of bureaucracy that confronts a businessman in any of the jurisdictions depicted. Generally, the rows reflect increasing defeasibility, but the more critical measure, is the presence of a boundary. Recognising or counting the boundaries between two icons allows the listed attributes to be determined, but most importantly there is no boundary between jurisdictions where there has been a legislative allocation of power. This demonstrates in the Directives section that all orders are to be obeyed, and dotted boundaries are a reminder that is customary for police to have constabulary power in an adjacent jurisdiction. The less imperative methods are:

The matrix also illustrates the competence of the information systems used to deliver the information, by showing the same icon in two blocks. In systems analysis of corporations, I always gave attention to any system which crossed boundaries of professional domains. These systems have the benefit of cross-references for terms used in the company; an expression of the business rules, or the compromises (not concessions) that the company uses to be successful. These listed systems show that cross-doman ability; and I suggest these will prove more effective.

[The logo for the on-line legislation website for the Commonwealth of Australia]
The Federal Register of Legislation on the web from the Commonwealth of Australia, includes the regulations and gazettes (Directives block); with all the legislative documents.
[The favorite icon for the Minesota Department of Natural Resources website]
The state of Minnesota off-road vehicle regulations, combined from several departments, are in a glovebox style brochure which includes advertisements of companies responsible for goods and services. The website summary gives further links to general advice for the activity.
[the favorite icon for the BioInteractive website]
The Cesium software development tookit, evident in the BiomeViewer and EarthViewer apps from BioInteractive, occupy adjacent Biology and Geophysics rows.

To recognise the concept of depth being critical, consider the consequences of the depth option "50.01 to 100 metres" and how that would affect the order of the Acts presented. In a way similar to using Acts from another jurisdiction, the Acts principally concerned with surface activities should be demoted (increasing the defeasibility and made less critical) in deferrence to those concerning minerals (don't forget groundwater is a mineral). Like geological uncertainty, defeasibility of surface-focussed regulation increases with depth. When automated into an app you would:

  1. Identify one or more geographical columns to confine the search, such as the latitude and longitude of the excavation or existing foundation from the labels in the FACTS block.
  2. Then, pick what was the planned final depth of the excavation or the maximum depth of the existing foundations?

With the Revised Standard version having the selection of biosphere, lithosphere or hydrosphere (also titled with suggested depths), these tips can be tried out.

  1. Round the raw values given by the GPS in your car to select a latitude.
  2. Alternatively read them off the margins from your client's address in the street directory.
  3. Use the maximum depth of the piles (that is the deepest point) if you can find that out from the owner, engineer or architect?
  4. Choose the entry, that brackets that maximum depth, from those listed below in zone of interest.

the King James version mockup of a decison support system (DSS) for excavation advice

In the previous version of the table above, necessarily divided by columns into jursidiction, for the rows it was still: the more defeasible, the greater the index; but with the series I to IX. The listing of the rows was as below when I tested the table against the Geographical Names Act 1991 and the Strata Titles Act 1988 of the State of South Australia. On that reading I realised I had left out the enforcement branches of government which do inspections and issue specific direction with expiation, or infringement notices. These instruments are less defeasible than the general guidelines, but more than the regulations. So a further row of the table was required as well as one for the new social responsibility websites. where -

  1. "Acts" of the parliament for the state or primary jurisdiction, holding the general or common-law land registry
  2. "Acts" of the parliament for federal or supplementary jurisdiction holding the registry for special land division, for example the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
  3. "Regulations" issued by regulatory agencies
  4. "Government guidelines" issued for the primary jurisdiction
  5. "Government guidelines" issued for the supplementary jurisdiction
  6. "Standards" from business associations and for inter-government conventions, necessarily divided by jurisdiction
  7. "common sense" wherever found
  8. "Geology" earth logic issued for the primary jurisdiction
  9. "Geology" earth logic issued for the supplementary jurisdiction

The depth indicator in the King James version was intended for the automated report with precise value ranges like 0.1-1 metre, rather than an accurate description relating to the depth of excavation such as permeable substrate prevents waterlogging. The equivalent values for the New Revised Version are not linear (shown in the key here) and I have yet to design how to make these have an effect in that table.

depth indicator (King James version)
zone of interest correlation 1 correlation 2 correlation 3
stratosphere n n n
atmosphere Y n n
biosphere Y Y n
hydrosphere Y Y Y
lithosphere Y Y Y

Caveat

Only legislation that I have encountered are included. In the case of the standards section, I have only shown standards relevant to the legislation. Other standards are listed in the Search page of the Geoscience Gateway. I have also reserved that within the sections the links to websites may also show a decreasing order of responsibility with:

  1. on-line law reviews of legislation and regulations
  2. council web-sites, including official tourist websites listing digital versions of tour guides (see the Heritage webpage of the Geoscience Gateway)
  3. on-line book shops

While I have had training in risk management, most recently 'Site safety and health representative course (S1)', this system should not be used for legal proceedings. For informed advice I look to Dr Malcom McK Park; PhD, LLM, MSc. A civil engineer who was called to the Victorian Bar, former researcher in the Library of the High Court of Australia, and A.K.A. Brien Briefless of the Victorian Bar News. His masters research was about using statistical evidence in court (DNA matching) and his PhD discussed contested land title and encroachment. Rather relevant topics for the mining, construction and building industries. If you can't find him, please e-mail me at CompsInGeology@bigpond.com and I will hunt him down. He claims that he "changed careers because his Mum would not stop describing him as 'the least civil person she knew.'" I would be grateful for donations of any other myths or half truths concerning Mal, and I will use them next time we have a beer.

[Favorite icon for the Boral Group] [Favorite icon for the Wilson Group] [Favorite icon for the Hoban Group] [Favorite icon for the Adelaide Independent Taxis website]

The first try of an automated list of regulations

This section demonstrates a Web2.0/HTML5 technique, the use of the DOM (Document Object Model) to select and prepare bibliographic references from the legal.xml file, using the XSL(T) file matthew.xsl to reformat the references in the order of defeasibility specified above in the mockup of a Matthew 7:26 table. Unfortunately, this is implemented using Microsoft Windows extensions, limiting it to the Internet Explorer browser, as Web2.0/HTML5 functionality is being slowly standardised in the different browsers.

What is smart about the above table?

Thompson EndNote also provides a Microsoft Mobile 5 utility which allows you to use a personal organiser in the library when making notes, and then upload them, via Microsoft Active Sync, to your observatory computer. I used an HP iPAQ, but found that the EndNote instance crashed when I made the changes. Later in in the Windows 7 version of EndNote, I added the notes (shown above under the document column heading) as XHTML entries in the "Notes" section. This gave me opportunity to make tables, do bolding and underlining which matched the emphasis in the Building Code of Australia and convey an extra level of understanding.

Similarly in the research-notes field of the Thompson EndNote I have used XML elements to decide the jurisdictions to which the particular legislation applies. These are extracted in the codes column of the table above. This also demonstrates the CGI_Term element from GeoSciML, which allows for ordered lists, like jurisdictions used here, that are so typical for curating geological collections. To learn more about GeoSciML please consider these sites:

[The logo for Adelaide Access Taxis] [The logo for Australian Digital Advertising Alliance website] [The logo for Geobiodiversity Database website]

Need a health, safety or quality audit?

Grant Jacquier has the experience for these systems:
  • generic business mapping
  • Site safety and health representative course (S1)
  • disaster recovery plan

To ameliorate the risks above, I have personally obtained the following, and can advise of equivalent training.

•	Air conditioner assembly and maintenance, RapidAir, Regency Park, South Australia (January 1984).
•	Current techniques in physical and chemical hydrogeology: A focus on contamination in the shallow environment, short course at the 11th Australian Geological Convention (1992).
•	Drilling Muds, half-day course Baroid Australia, Adelaide (1986).
•	First aid; Level 2: workplace first aid certificate (1996, July 2001). 
•	Risk management/auditor course, NSCSA Five Star, Leigh Creek Coalfield (1991).
•	Geostatistics - Theory and Practice, Department of Civil and Mining Engineering, The University of Wollongong, Adelaide (1987).
•	“How to handle difficult people”, S. A. Employers’ Chamber of Commerce & Industry (22nd August 1994).
•	Mine induction, open cut: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990), Leigh Creek Coalfield (1984,1988,1991), Lochiel Trial Pit (coal, 1986), Nabarlek (U/Rn, 1983), Ok Tedi (Cu, 1985). 
•	Mine induction, underground: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990). 
•	Mine worker’s health certificate, class A mine annotation, Western Australia (1990-1991)
•	Motor boat licence, Department of Transport, South Australia (current).
•	National (Australia) Heavy Vehicle Drivers Licence with motorbike endorsement. (current).
•	Quality Management Auditing, MGS Debenham & Associates, Adelaide, (11th-13th October 1995).
•	Radiation licence, geophysical logging AmBe/Cs, South Australian Department of Health, (1983-1985).
•	“Running a Consultancy” Advanced Leadership & Professional Skills module, The Uni. of Melb., (2001).
•	Scuba diver, NQS/CMAS 2 star, Adelaide Skin Diving Centre (May 1985).
•	A short course on the design and formation of slopes in open pit mines, Dames & Moore, (1990).
•	4WD driving course, Motor School, Mt Samson, Queensland (24 May 2005).
•	Site safety and health representative course (S1), Simtars, Wacol, Qld (26 May 2005).

[The logo for BoralSampler website]

The Geoscience Gateway is compiled by GRANT JACQUIER as a free service for individuals and organisations interested in computer application for practical geoscience.
Material on the Geoscience Gateway may be freely published provided acknowledgement of the source is given. Please note any opinions expressed here are assuming general conditions that will not be valid for all cases. Therefore readers should seek professional advice on their particular situation before implementing any suggestions.

This page was first created on 30th of May 2005.
© Grant Jacquier, 2018.