Geoscience Gateway

What can you find here:
An intelligent guide to acts, regulations, and guidelines for excavations.
Further reading regarding excavations.
This link to a bibliography with notes for items concerning halls being run by associations in legal.xml
Need a health, safety or quality audit?
or just select the default gateway.

Further reading regarding excavations

This is a mock up of a decision support system for law relevant to excavation in mining, construction and building. In principle it reflects a structure of defeasibility. Below are sites where you can read reviews, download electronic copies (most suitable for digital searching) of the acts or regulations, or where you can buy paper copies of guidelines including national standards. As a guide in the State of Queensland, records of radiation monitoring or other industrial disease issues must be kept for 30 years, otherwise the records such as a mine manager's journal must be kept for 7 years.

Matthew chapter 7, verse 26

The table below is based upon the following:

  1. For this series, I to VIII, the more defeasible, the greater the index.
  2. on-line law reviews, legislation and regulations
  3. council web-sites
  4. on-line book shops
maximum depth of excavation:
I Acts Geographical Names Act 1991, Strata Titles Act 1988 State of Queensland
II ComLaw
III Regulations Scientific Permits 
Commonwealth of Australia Gazettes
IV Government guidelines PropertyAssist, Land Services Group, Legal Services Commission
V City Plan 2010 – 2016
VI Standards AS/NZS Standards, Your Online Choices
VII common-sense Parking Enforcement Services
average latitude 30 S 20 S
VIII Geology South Australia Queensland
  1. Commonwealth Publications
  2. Australia heritage web-sites

When automated you would select one or more geographical parameters to confine the search, such as the latitude and longitude of the excavation or existing foundation from the list (perhaps round the raw values given by the GPS in your car or alternatively read them off the margins from your client's address in the street directory). Lastly, pick what was the planned final depth of the excavation or the maximum depth of the exisiting foundations? Use the maximum depth of the piles (that is the deepest point) if you can find that out from the owner, engineer or architect? Choose the entry from those listed below that brackets that maximum depth. To recognise the concept of depth being critical, consider the consequences of the depth option "50.01 to 100 metres" and how that would affect the order of the Acts presented. In a way similar to using Acts from another jurisdiction the Acts principally concerned with surface activities would be promoted (in defeasibility and so less critical) over those concerning minerals (don't forget groundwater is a mineral). Like geological uncertainty, defeasibility of surface-focussed regulation increases with depth.

And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand. Mt 7:26 King James version


While the author has had training in risk management (most recently 'Site safety and health representative course (S1)') this system should not be used for legal proceedings. For informed advice I look to Dr Malcom McK Park; PhD, LLM, MSc. A civil engineer who was called to the Victorian Bar, former researcher in the Library of the High Court of Australia, and A.K.A. Brien Briefless of the Victorian Bar News. His masters research was about using statistical evidence in court (DNA matching) and his PhD discussed contested land title and encroachment. Rather relevant topics for the mining, construction and building industries. If you can't find him, please e-mail me at and I will hunt him down. He claims that he "changed careers because his Mum would not stop describing him as 'the least civil person she knew.'" I would be grateful for donations of any other myths or any half truths concerning Mal, and I will use them next time we have a beer.

[Favorite icon for the Wilson Group]

The first try of an automated list of regulations

This section demonstrates a Web2.0/HTML5 technique, the use of the DOM (Document Object Model) to select and prepare bibliographic references from the legal.xml file, using the XSL(T) file matthew.xsl to reformat the references in the order of defeasibility specified above in the mockup of a Matthew 7:26 table. Unfortunately, this is implemented using Microsoft Windows extensions, limiting it to the Internet Explorer browser, as Web2.0/HTML5 functionality is being slowly standardised in the different browsers.

What is smart about the above table?

Thompson EndNote also provides a Microsoft Mobile 5 utility which allows you to use a personal organiser in the library when making notes, and then upload them, via Microsoft Active Sync, to your observatory computer. I used an HP iPAQ, but found that the EndNote instance crashed when I made the changes. Later in in the Windows 7 version of EndNote, I added the notes (shown above under the document column heading) as XHTML entries in the "Notes" section. This gave me opportunity to make tables, do bolding and underlining which matched the emphasis in the Building Code of Australia and convey an extra level of understanding.

Similarly in the research-notes field of the Thompson EndNote I have used XML elements to decide the jurisdictions to which the particular legislation applies. These are extracted in the codes column of the table above. This also demonstrates the CGI_Term element from GeoSciML, which allows for ordered lists, like jurisdictions used here, that are so typical for curating geological collections. To learn more about GeoSciML please consider these sites:

[The founding members of the Australian Digital Advertising Alliance are:  The Australian Association of National Advertisers (AANA), the Australian Direct Marketing Association (ADMA), The Communications Council, the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) in Australia, The Media Federation of Australia (MFA), together with Google, Microsoft, NineMSN, Telstra Advertising Network, Network Ten Digital and Yahoo!7.] [Click here to go on-line legislation for the State of Queensland] [Click here to go on-line legislation for the Commonwealth of Australia]

Need a health, safety or quality audit?

Grant Jacquier has the experience for these systems:
  • generic business mapping
  • Site safety and health representative course (S1)
  • disaster recovery plan

To ameliorate the risks above, I have personally obtained the following, and can advise of equivalent training.

•	Air conditioner assembly and maintenance, RapidAir, Regency Park, South Australia (January 1984).
•	Current techniques in physical and chemical hydrogeology: A focus on contamination in the shallow environment, short course at the 11th Australian Geological Convention (1992).
•	Drilling Muds, half-day course Baroid Australia, Adelaide (1986).
•	First aid; Level 2: workplace first aid certificate (1996, July 2001). 
•	Risk management/auditor course, NSCSA Five Star, Leigh Creek Coalfield (1991).
•	Geostatistics - Theory and Practice, Department of Civil and Mining Engineering, The University of Wollongong, Adelaide (1987).
•	“How to handle difficult people”, S. A. Employers’ Chamber of Commerce & Industry (22nd August 1994).
•	Mine induction, open cut: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990), Leigh Creek Coalfield (1984,1988,1991), Lochiel Trial Pit (coal, 1986), Nabarlek (U/Rn, 1983), Ok Tedi (Cu, 1985). 
•	Mine induction, underground: Kambalda Nickel Operation (Au/Ni 1990). 
•	Mine worker’s health certificate, class A mine annotation, Western Australia (1990-1991)
•	Motor boat licence, Department of Transport, South Australia (current).
•	National (Australia) Heavy Vehicle Drivers Licence with motorbike endorsement. (current).
•	Quality Management Auditing, MGS Debenham & Associates, Adelaide, (11th-13th October 1995).
•	Radiation licence, geophysical logging AmBe/Cs, South Australian Department of Health, (1983-1985).
•	“Running a Consultancy” Advanced Leadership & Professional Skills module, The Uni. of Melb., (2001).
•	Scuba diver, NQS/CMAS 2 star, Adelaide Skin Diving Centre (May 1985).
•	A short course on the design and formation of slopes in open pit mines, Dames & Moore, (1990).
•	4WD driving course, Motor School, Mt Samson, Queensland (24 May 2005).
•	Site safety and health representative course (S1), Simtars, Wacol, Qld (26 May 2005).
The Geoscience Gateway is compiled by GRANT JACQUIER as a free service for individuals and organisations interested in computer application for practical geoscience.
Material on the Geoscience Gateway may be freely published provided acknowledgement of the source is given. Please note any opinions expressed here are assuming general conditions that will not be valid for all cases. Therefore readers should seek professional advice on their particular situation before implementing any suggestions.

This page was first created on 30th of May 2005.
© Computers in Geology, 2010.